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migraine in monsoon: causes and prevention tips

updated on 26 july 2022

recurrent moderate to severe headaches, typically in conjunction with a variety of autonomic symptoms, are the hallmark of migraine, a chronic neurological condition. migraines can generate a variety of symptoms while being characterised by a strong headache. it is a neurological disorder that can lead to numbness, sensitivity to light and sound, trouble speaking, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms.

people of all ages can have migraines, and they can run in families. the clinical history and the patient's reported symptoms are used to diagnose migraine after other symptoms have been ruled out. family history is one of the most frequent variables that cause migraines, and women are often more susceptible to them than males.

symptoms

there are two types of migraines: those with and those without intensity. prodrome symptoms of chronic migraines include trouble speaking clearly, a tickling feeling in the face, arms, or legs, and momentary visual loss. moreover, the prodrome stage in migraines is characterised by exhaustion, frequent yawning, desire for food, hyperactivity, irritability, sadness, and stiff neck.

the attacking phase of a migraine is the following stage, which is when the headache actually develops. the attacking phase may last only a few hours or may go on for several days. increased sensitivity to light and sound, faintness, dizziness, headache pain on one side, nausea, and pulsating and pounding head pain are all common migraine symptoms.

after the attacking phase, a person enters the postdrome period, during which their mood and sentiments shift. either the patient is overjoyed or they are worn out and disinterested. other possibilities are lingering or dull headaches.

causes

despite the fact that the precise explanation of migraines is unknown, researchers claim that genetics and a number of environmental variables, such as stress and weather fluctuations, are involved.

people's migraines are known to be triggered by a variety of weather variations, including temperature shifts, excessive humidity, stormy and windy weather, sun glare, and severely dry circumstances. according to some studies, migraines may also be brought on by the rainy season.

some weather changes that coincide with the change in seasons may make migraines worse for some people. one of these variations occurs during the monsoon season when the barometric pressure falls and the humidity rises.

according to research, the monsoon season's change in atmospheric pressure—the force the air above a surface exerts on it—creates a discrepancy between the pressure of the outside air and the air in your sinuses, which causes headache discomfort.

also, migraines may be brought on by altered brain chemicals like serotonin. in addition, migraines can be brought on by bright lights, weather extremes, dehydration, changes in barometric pressure, women's menstrual cycles, hormonal changes, loud noises, skipping meals, engaging in excessive physical activity, using oral contraceptives, strange smells, specific foods, alcohol, and travel. 

doctors from the best hospital for migraine treatment in bhubaneswar advise patients to keep a headache notebook in which they record their activities at the time of headache onset. they will be better able to recognize triggers as a result.

treatment

although migraines cannot be cured, they can be treated to lessen their intensity and frequency. lying down in a calm, dark room is one of the migraine treatments. pain can be reduced by massaging the scalp or forehead. in order to relieve migraine discomfort, you can also place a towel behind your neck and on your forehead.

medications taken from the hospital for migraine treatment are required to reduce the intensity of severe migraine pain. surgery may be necessary for specific circumstances.

prevention of migraine

you can reduce your risk of getting a migraine by recognizing and avoiding certain triggers.

  • migraine headaches are frequently brought on by loud noises, bright lights, and sensory stimulation. since eliminating these stimuli may be problematic, it may be essential to be conscious of their prevalence in specific situations and environments.
  • adjust the brightness levels on digital devices, and take pauses from the tv or computer screen to rest your eyes. make sure you can swiftly escape any distractions, both visual and auditory, in case a migraine episode strikes.
  • headaches might start from specific meals and beverages. recognize the foods and ingredients that give you headaches and learn to stay away from them. common triggers include foods and beverages with caffeine or alcohol, particularly red wines or champagne. you should keep your daily intake to a minimum, or if necessary, avoid them entirely.
  • in terms of migraines, hormones are important. during or right before their period, many women frequently report having increased migraine headaches. during this period, women should take extra caution when it comes to their eating and exercise routines. oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy (hrt) may increase the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks. others may discover they experience fewer migraines while using birth control, while other women may find relief by switching to a new kind of birth control.
  • migraines can be brought on by fasting or missing meals. make sure to eat as soon as you wake up and then at least once every three to four hours after that. migraines can be brought on by hunger or dehydration. never skip a meal, and make sure you're getting enough water.
  • make sure you get at least seven to eight hours of sleep each night because not getting enough might make symptoms worse. don't try to make up for missing sleep by sleeping too much since even obtaining too much sleep might create headaches.
  • a healthy lifestyle should include regular exercise. however, strenuous activity, like weightlifting, might cause these headaches.
  • pay close attention to how your body reacts to different activities. choose stress-relieving exercises that don't put too much stress on your body, like yoga, gentle aerobics, or tai chi. anti-inflammatory medication used before working out may help reduce discomfort.
  • stressful events aren't always under our control, but we always have a choice in how we respond to them. stressful situations frequently result in migraines. stress levels can be decreased by using relaxation techniques including yoga, meditation, and biofeedback.

conclusion

the first stages in controlling your migraines are to make a plan and identify your specific triggers. by identifying the symptoms early on, you can avoid the worst ones. your migraine patterns may change when the weather does. in addition to rainy days, hot temperatures and high humidity can cause headaches. you might need to go inside and take a break from the outside if the weather starts to bother you.

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