breathing problems are sometimes very serious and even children face these problems at times. the job of a paediatric pulmonologist is to treat these children who suffer from breathing problems. these are some of the common conditions that are treated by a paediatric pulmonologist:-
wheezing is a common symptom of many breathing problems. it could just be because of something as common as a cold or be something serious like asthma. it is a frequent thing that patients come to see the paediatric pulmonologists to get their child treated for wheezing and to determine if that wheezing means that their child is suffering from asthma. some of the other condition that gets treated by a paediatric pulmonologist include:
apnea (babies with apnea will stop breathing, or "forget" to breathe.)
technology-dependent children (some children require oxygen and/or a respirator to help them breathe.)
cystic fibrosis (cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition that causes an excessive buildup of mucus in the lungs.)
there are several services that are offered by a paediatric pulmonologist. pulmonary function testing and flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (fbb) are a part of the services offered by a paediatric pulmonologist. a non-invasive test known as pulmonary function testing is done in different ways in ways that are suitable to kids of all ages. a fiberoptic scope is used in the fbb procedure to look inside the lungs for any signs of any defect. this is a more invasive method, but this is not a surgery. even though it is not surgery, it does require sedation.
situations where paediatric pulmonology is required
as we have discussed briefly before, paediatric pulmonology involves several diseases. now to get a better understanding of paediatric pulmonology, let us take a deeper dive into the diseases that are related to paediatric pulmonology.
asthma- asthma is a condition that affects the airways in your body. in this condition, the airways in your body get narrow and swell up. the airways also produce some extra mucus if it is affected by asthma. these effects make breathing really difficult and also trigger coughing. this also leads to wheezing, which is a whistling sound produced when you breathe, and also leads to shortness of breath. asthma might turn out to be a minor nuisance for some people. but for others, asthma can be very serious and sometimes even life-threatening. it can even become so serious as to interfere with daily activities and can cause asthma attacks. asthma is a condition that cannot be cured. even then, the symptoms of asthma can be kept under control. asthma has the tendency to change over time often. you should always have a doctor that you can consult and work with to follow up on the signs and symptoms of your asthma. this will help you get the treatment that you require according to your condition.
pneumonia- pneumonia is a disease, an infection that results in the inflammation of the air sacs in one or both of your lungs. the air sacs in your lungs get filled with pus and fluid (purulent material) when you are affected by pneumonia. the signs and symptoms of pneumonia include cough with pus or phlegm, chills, fever, and difficulty breathing. the cause of pneumonia can be a variety of organisms including bacteria, virus, or fungi. as with all diseases, the severity of pneumonia can range from mild to life-threatening. in infants and children, it is the most serious.
wheezing- wheezing is a symptom of many pulmonary conditions. wheezing itself is a pulmonary condition. wheezing presents itself as a coarse, high-pitched, whistling sound that comes when you breathe. wheezing is a common symptom of many kinds of respiratory allergies, especially during the hay fever season. respiratory infections like acute bronchitis are accompanied by wheezing. the most common causes of wheezing are asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd). there are several treatments that can ease your child’s wheezing. sometimes, wheezing can get severe and you might face difficulty breathing. for this reason, you should be in contact with a doctor to track your health conditions related to breathing and lungs. a pulmonologist is the best option if you have any of these diseases.
bronchitis- bronchial tubes are passages in your child’s body that air to and from your lungs. if there is an inflammation in the lining of your bronchial tubes, it is known as bronchitis. thickened mucus is coughed up by people who suffer from bronchitis. the mucus might be discolored. as with every disease, bronchitis can range from mild to chronic.
acute bronchitis often develops from a common cold or any other respiratory infection. chronic bronchitis is a more serious condition. this is followed by constant irritation or inflammation in the lining of the bronchial tubes. this can also occur often due to smoking. another name for acute bronchitis is also a chest cold. this usually takes around a week or about 10 days to recover. it does not have any lasting effects. but the cough generally stays for a few weeks that follow. if a person suffers from chronic bronchitis, then they should seek immediate medical attention.
apnea- apnea, also known as apnoea, is basically the cessation of breathing. if a person suffers from apnea, then they just forget to breathe or just stop breathing all of a sudden. your airways get blocked (patency) during apnea. depending upon the severity of your blockage of air passages, the flow of air to and from your lungs might stop. this is exactly like holding your breath but it is involuntary in this case. this is generally diagnosed during childhood. you might consult an ent, allergist, or sleep physician for discussing the symptoms and to get proper treatment for apnea.
cystic fibrosis- cystic fibrosis disorder is inherited. it expresses itself in the form of severe damage in the lungs, digestive system, and several other organs of your body.
cells that are associated with the production of mucus sweat and digestive juices are generally affected by cystic fibrosis. these fluids, which are generally thin and slippery, become thick and sticky. the fluids, which generally act as lubricants, begin plugging up ducts, tubes, and passageways. this happens especially in the lungs and the pancreas. cystic fibrosis is a progressive disease and requires daily care. even then, people who suffer from cystic fibrosis can do daily work and like to attend school and go to work. there have been significant improvements in the treatment and screening of cystic fibrosis.
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